Social Phobia Among School Students -Prevalence, Demographic Correlates and Socio-academic Impairment
Background: Social anxiety disorder/Social phobia is a common disorder particularly in adolescents resulting in significant impairment. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence, socio-demographic co-relates and associated impairment due to this disorder in high school children in India representing adolescent population.
Method: This was a cross sectional study among urban adolescent English medium school population.628 students of two schools were screened using Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) and those screening positive were interviewed for diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder. Information was obtained on socio demographic variables and academic and social impairment.
Results: The study sample comprised ofage range of respondents between 13-17 yrs with the mean age of 14.5 yrs .5.3% (n=33) of the students fulfilled the criteria for Social Phobia comprising of 6(3.9%) males and 26(5.7%) females. No association of Social Anxiety Disorder with type of family,number of siblings, birth order and parents educational and vocational status was found. Significant association between SAD and poor academic performance and limitation in involvement in extracurricular activities and peer relationship was found.
Conclusion: SAD is prevalent among adolescents in India and is associated with impairment in both in academic and non academic areas. Hence, identification of SAD and timely referral of students for effective treatment is important for school health care personnel.