Exploring assertiveness in Indian adolescents: A qualitative inquiry

  • Waqar Maqbool Parray
  • Sanjay Kumar
  • Blessy Elizabeth David
  • Shraddha Khare
  • Ved Prakash Maurya


Background: Communication with others is often a challenging task, particularly for adolescents. Some situations of their lives can leave them in despair. This study has explored the nature and dynamics of assertiveness among Indian adolescents.

Method: University students from both rural and urban family background (N =29, Male =13, Female=16, age range =16-18 years) participated in the study.

Findings: Four major themes were derived using thematic analysis along with various sub-themes. These themes were: assertiveness is person and situation-specific, after-effects of non-assertive communication styles, lack of awareness about assertiveness, and need of change in the communication style.

Conclusion: Adolescents exhibit different levels of assertiveness consequent to their culture, which plays a crucial role in determining the communication styles of adolescents. Some contexts may act as barriers resulting in difficulty in managing the stress associated with social interactions.

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