Emotional and behavioural problems among adolescents attending selected schools of Rohtak, Haryana: A cross-sectional study
Emotional and behavioural problems (EBPs) in adolescents
Background Adolescence is the period marked by an enormous transition of physiological and psychological characteristics. Most psychological problems begin during childhood and adolescence have consequences for later life.
Aim The study assessed the patterns of emotional and behavioural problems (EBPs) among adolescents attending selected schools of Rohtak District, Haryana.
Methods- A cross-sectional study was conducted in five schools of Rohtak district, Haryana. Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ) was used for the assessment of EBPs and 400 adolescents were recruited through convenience sampling.
Results- About 53% of the subjects were boys and the mean total difficulty score of SDQ was 10.14 (SD of 5.22). The overall prevalence of EBPs was 5.5 % (03.66 - 08.19 %; 95% CI) as per the total difficulty score of SDQ. Conduct problems (8.8%; 06.36 - 11.93; 95% CI) was the most prevalent EBPs among all the subscales of SDQ in this setting.
Conclusion- About one-fifth of the school-going adolescents reported to have EBPs in this setting. The regular incorporation of mental health services can be an effective strategy to bolster adolescent resilience in the school setting.