Identifying inhibitor factors affecting mental health literacy in adolescents perspective

A qualitative study

  • Azita Shahraki Mohammadi Ph.D. Candidate in medical librarianship and information sciences, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences
  • Sirous Panahi Assistant Professor, Medical Library and Information Sciences Department, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Department of Medical library and Information Science, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences
  • Ahmad Ashouri Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychology, Clinical psychology department, school of behavioral sciences and mental health (Tehran institute of psychiatry) Iran University of medical sciences
  • Azadeh Sayarifard . Associate Professor of Community and Preventive Medicine, Community Based Participatory Research Center, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran


Background: Given the relatively high prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents, improving the mental health literacy of adolescents is of particular importance for the prevention and treatment of these disorders. The purpose of this study was to identify the inhibitor factors affecting mental health literacy from the perspective of adolescents.

Methods: Twenty-four adolescents aged 15-18 years old participated in this study. The participants were recruited from secondary schools located in Tehran using purposive sampling. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews. The data were analysed following conventional content analysis approach.

Results: Three themes were identified as inhibiting factors in improving mental health literacy in adolescents, including individual attitudes and beliefs, socio-cultural and familial, and knowledge.

Conclusions: Prior to planning, applying, and implementing comprehensive programs to improve mental health literacy among community members, especially adolescents, it would be helpful to consider the factors that are effective in providing services.

Original Articles